Unformatted text preview: Organizing Elementary Physical Education Content:
The Skill Theme Approach People who teach motor skills to children should know that... Children develop at different rates Age does not predict motor ability Children develop motor skills naturally through play Children are not born natural athletes Girls and boys can become equally skillful When are children ready for organized games? When they are developmentally ready "A physical education program for children which begins with an organized sport is analogous to a language arts program beginning with a Shakespearean sonnet" The Skill Theme Approach Teachers employing the Skill Theme approach focus on helping children become skillful movers so that they can successfully participate in physical activities. The primary goal is to develop competency in basic motor skills and confidence to try and enjoy a variety of sports and physical activities The Curricular Diamond
Developing Expertise (Grades 9-12) Exploring Possibilities (Grades 6-8) Building a Foundation (Grades Pre-K5 Content Areas in Elementary PE Games Educational Gymnastics Dance Fitness Characteristics of the Skill Theme Approach Provides developmentally appropriate experiences. Scope and sequence reflects the varying needs and interests of students over years of development. Emphasizes instructional alignment National Standards
1. Demonstrates competency in motor skills and movement patterns needed to perform a variety of physical activities. 2. Demonstrates understanding of movement concepts, principles, strategies, and tactics as they apply to the learning and performance of physical activities. National Standards
3. Participates regularly in physical activity. 4. Achieves and maintains a healthenhancing level of physical fitness. 5. Exhibits responsible personal and social behavior that respects self and others in physical activity settings. National Standards
6. Values physical activity for health, enjoyment, challenge, self-expression, and/or social interaction. Skill Themes and Movement Concepts Skill Themes Fundamental movements that apply to many different sports and physical activities (how they are used depends on sport or physical activity) Are the "verbs" or "action words" Movement Concepts The "ideas"or "modifiers" that enrich the range and effectiveness of a movement Relate to the quality of the movement, describing how the skill is to be performed Are the "adverbs" which modify the "verb" Skill Themes
Locomotor Skills Walking Hopping Galloping Chasing, fleeing, and dodging Nonmanipulative Skills Turning Rolling Transferring weight Stretching Manipulative Skills Throwing Kicking Dribbling Striking with rackets and paddles Running Skipping Sliding Twisting Balancing Jumping and landing Curling Catching and collecting Punting Volleying Striking with long-handed implements Movement Concepts
Space Awareness (where the body moves) Location Directions Levels Pathways Extensions Effort (how the body moves) Time Force Flow Relationships (with whom, or what the body moves) Of body parts With objects and/or people With people Example Students will be able to run fast around obstacles.
Skill Theme: Running (locomotor) Movement Concepts: Fast (effort) and around (relationship with objects) Example Students will be able to stretch wide in a nonsymmetrical shape. Skill Theme: Stretch (nonmanipulative) Movement Concepts: Wide (relationship of body parts) and nonsymmetrical (relationship of body parts) Example Students will be able to strike a foam ball with a paddle lightly to themselves.
Skill Theme(s): Strike (manipulative) Movement Concept(s): Lightly (effort) and to themselves (relationships with people) Example Students will be able to use creative dance to demonstrate forward and backward transfer of weight in self-space while alternating strong and light moves.
Skill Theme(s): Transfer of weight (nonmanipulative) Movement Concept(s): forward and backward (directions), self-space (location), and strong and light (effort) ...
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- Spring '11
- Skill, skill theme approach