11/8/20091POST-SECONDARYEDUCATION&CAREER/WORKEDUCATIONALATTAINMENT85% (females) and 84% (males) graduate from high school63% of all students go to college immediately after (USA Today)Women earn more bachelor’s degreesSimilar pattern across ethnic groupsExcept for Asian-American (doctoral degrees)Appx. 60% of college population are womenEDUCATION ANDCAREERGOALSWomen are more likely to drop out of sciences/engineeringAmong biology majors with A averages: 80% of women, 60% of men switch majorsAmong physical science majors with A averages: 69% of women, appx. 1% of men switch majorsAmong engineering majors with A averages: 71% of women, 18% of men switch majorsDOCTORATES INSCIENCE, BYGENDERFieldStudent EnrolledDoctorates ConferredWomenMenWomenMenComputer Sciences27%73%16%84%Engineering 19%81%12%88%Agriculture38%62%26%74%Mathematics34%66%23%77%Physical Sciences28%72%22%78%Biological Sciences50%50%43%57%Psychology69%31%67%33%ILLINOISVALEDICTORIANPROJECT10 year longitudinal study of 46 female, 35 male 1981 high school valedictoriansDuring high school: 21% of women, 23% of men rated their intelligence as far above averageCollege GPA: 3.7 for women, 3.6 for menAfter 2 years of college: 4% of women, 22% of men rated intelligence as far above averageSenior year of college: 0 women, 25% of men rated intelligence as far above averageILLINOISVALEDICTORIANPROJECT(CONT’D)After 2 years of college: More women lowered career aspirations than menWomen more likely to worry about combining career and family; 6 gave up on medical school2/3 of women, 0 men planned to interrupt careers when they had children10 years later: Many women, 0 men had downgraded their original career plans
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