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Unformatted text preview: 11/8/2009 1 POST-SECONDARY EDUCATION & CAREER/WORK EDUCATIONAL ATTAINMENT 85% (females) and 84% (males) graduate from high school 63% of all students go to college immediately after (USA Today) Women earn more bachelor’s degrees Similar pattern across ethnic groups Except for Asian-American (doctoral degrees) Appx. 60% of college population are women EDUCATION AND CAREER GOALS Women are more likely to drop out of sciences/engineering Among biology majors with A averages: 80% of women, 60% of men switch majors Among physical science majors with A averages: 69% of women, appx. 1% of men switch majors Among engineering majors with A averages: 71% of women, 18% of men switch majors DOCTORATES IN SCIENCE, BY GENDER Field Student Enrolled Doctorates Conferred Women Men Women Men Computer Sciences 27% 73% 16% 84% Engineering 19% 81% 12% 88% Agriculture 38% 62% 26% 74% Mathematics 34% 66% 23% 77% Physical Sciences 28% 72% 22% 78% Biological Sciences 50% 50% 43% 57% Psychology 69% 31% 67% 33% ILLINOIS VALEDICTORIAN PROJECT 10 year longitudinal study of 46 female, 35 male 1981 high school valedictorians During high school: 21% of women, 23% of men rated their intelligence as far above average College GPA: 3.7 for women, 3.6 for men After 2 years of college: 4% of women, 22% of men rated intelligence as far above average Senior year of college: 0 women, 25% of men rated intelligence as far above average ILLINOIS VALEDICTORIAN PROJECT (CONT’D) After 2 years of college: More women lowered career aspirations than men Women more likely to worry about combining career and family; 6 gave up on medical school 2/3 of women, 0 men planned to interrupt careers when they had children 10 years later: Many women, 0 men had downgraded their original career plans 11/8/2009 2 ACHIEVEMENT IN CAREERS In high school, girls and boys want to have equally prestigious careers College women and men are equally motivated to succeed in their careers Sometime during college, women are more likely to lower their aspirations & switch to less prestigious careers. EDUCATION AND CAREER GOALS Most college women want to take some time off when they have children Most college men haven’t thought about it Differences by ethnicity: White college women wanted to delay work until child was 4 African American college women wanted to delay work until child was 2.5 EDUCATION AND CAREER GOALS Why would women change their career goals? EXPLANATIONS?????? ENVIRONMENTAL FACTORS THAT MAY DISADVANTAGE WOMEN IN HIGHER EDUCATION Lack of encouragement from family, teachers professors, peers Remember Chapter 4? Does earlier educational socialization hurt young women?...
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This note was uploaded on 10/04/2011 for the course PSYC 310 taught by Professor Avery during the Spring '11 term at South Carolina.
- Spring '11