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Infancy and Childhood--9-10-09

Infancy and Childhood--9-10-09 - First 2 years of...

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1 First 2 years of life-- period of rapid growth Brain/Cognitive and Physical growth Social Smile; Gesturing; Talking; Pretend Play Gender Differences Girls are smaller than boys Girls have more advanced skeletal and neurological systems and greater sensitivity to sound stimuli Infant Gender Differences Similarities are the rule for most behaviors However, boys are more active Temperament (some differences) Adults’ Treatment of Infants Parents generally treat boys and girls similarly But, boys are handled more roughly and boys generally receive more positive responses for playing with male- stereotyped toys Infants given gender labels Color-coded clothing Toys Ex: Babies Playing ; Babies Playing #2 What were some examples of gender labels??? Gender Differentiation: Research Six-Ten Month olds--differentiate b/t pictures of adult males and females (Younger & Fearing; 1999; Walsh, Katz, & Downey, 1991) 18-months olds can match face/voice of men and women Children who learn to identify females and
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