Lecture 2--FINAL

Lecture 2--FINAL - 9/3/2009 Psychology of Women:...

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9/3/2009 1 Readings/Lectures posted on Blackboard Readings to be read for that week Email subject heading: “Psyc 310 or WOST 310” WWBI Student League Psychology of Women: Dr. Shauna M. Cooper August 25, 2009 What is “Psychology of Women”? Sex and Gender: Distinctions General Approaches to Psychology of Women? Specific Theories/Approaches to Studying Women and Girls Historically was about differences between men and women. Men were the norm, women were different and inferior. Field called “Psychology of women” developed in the 1970’s with advent of women’s movement Now, women make up over half of psychologists BUT…. BIAS still evident in research Psychologists values/beliefs can influence the research process (regardless of gender) Selecting research topic Formulating hypothesis Study design Participant Recruitment/Selection
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9/3/2009 2 Sex and gender are often used interchangeably to describe men and women. Can you think of any circumstances in which it would be difficult to label someone as male or female? Can your sex be different from your gender? Ex: Sex or Gender? Ex: “My Secret Self” Sex refers to “the classification of individuals as female or male based on their genetic makeup, anatomy, and reproductive functions” ( Etaugh & Bridges, pg. 2). Sex is based solely on biology Gender refers to “the meanings that societies and individuals give to female and male categories”. Gender is a social construct Gender construction starts with assignment to a sex category boys dressed in blue; Girls in pink Gender as a process creates differences Gender constructions may vary by context Ex: American Indian Tribes (Sioux, Zuni) 3 gender cultures Two-Spirit combination of both genders Muxe (Mexico) —males who take on women’s roles Ex: Tahiti Social roles of men and women are similar
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Lecture 2--FINAL - 9/3/2009 Psychology of Women:...

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