Paleolithic 2010

Paleolithic 2010 - The Paleolithic Stone Age, a cultural...

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The Paleolithic Stone Age, a cultural period Lower Paleolithic: 2.5 mya - 250,000 ya Associated with H. habilis 2.5 - 1.8 mya and H. erectus 1.8 mya - 250,000 ya What epoch, what is going on climatically? Pliocene 5.5 – 1.8 mya Pleistocene, or Ice Age, 1.8 mya - 10,000 ya What hominids are associated with Lower Paleolithic?
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Oldest tools probably made of organic materials such as wood, bone and antler: don’t preserve well. Stone tools are preserved. Stone tools take some level of sophistication to make Homo habilis (Feder & Park 2001:249)
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Stone Tools Richard Leakey named H. habilis because it made stone tools. These first tools are called the Olduwan tool tradition , and they signal the beginning of the Lower Paleolithic . Made from pebbles: take flakes off one or two sides to make Olduwan pebble chopper. Three tool types: chopper, flake, hammerstone Use the percussion method. hammerstone Making a chopper
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Analysis of faunal remains indicates H. habilis was a scavenger rather than a hunter. Find: Mostly lower leg bones, not entire skeletons (little meat) Cut marks over teeth marks. The cut marks are not near joints, so were just cutting meat, not disarticulating.
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Homo habilis Made stone tools Scavenged for meat more than hunted Perhaps kept a butchering spot ready, storing tools there Probably had language
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Paleolithic 2010 - The Paleolithic Stone Age, a cultural...

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