Mesolithic2010

Mesolithic2010 - Mesolithic (Old World) and Archaic (New...

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Mesolithic (Old World) and Archaic (New World) By 10,000 ya, before the end of the Pleistocene (Ice Age) Upper Paleolithic humans had spread to much of the Old World, including Africa, Europe, Asia, and Siberia They were fully modern They had colonized Australia by boat They had colonized the Americas, probably through Siberia
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These Upper Paleolithic societies around the world were hunter-gatherers : They hunted and gathered wild foods (Price & Feinman 2001:194)
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Some of the animals they hunted were megafauna , now extinct (Price & Feinman 2001:145) (Turnbaugh et al. 2002:385) Woolly mammoth -- North America (Turnbaugh et al. 2002:386)
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Egalitarian society: One in which there is generally equal access to the basic needs of life Status differences are by age, sex, marital status Leadership is by achievement The earliest human societies were egalitarian Kinship-based society, probably organized in bands of 50 or fewer Not fully sedentary
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Ascribed status : A status to which you are born or inherit at birth Achieved status : A status that you acquire through individual effort In talking about leadership positions: Status : a recognized social position, with associated rights, duties, powers, privileges Each individual simultaneously has several social statuses
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Mesolithic2010 - Mesolithic (Old World) and Archaic (New...

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