Archaic H sapiens 2010

Archaic H sapiens 2010 - Archaic Homo From 800,000 to...

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Unformatted text preview: Archaic Homo From 800,000 to 30,000 ya, transitional forms between H. erectus and H. sapiens These are known as archaic Homo sapiens Brain sizes within modern range, but other cranial features are primitive Found in Africa, Europe, and Asia Middle Pleistocene Considerable regional variation (Smithsonian Institution) Two species of archaic Homo generally accepted: Homo heidelbergensis 800,000 - 100,000 ya Homo neanderthalensis 300,000 - 30,000 ya Controversy about names and species assignation Archaic H. sapiens 800,000 to 28,000 ya Anatomically modern H. sapiens ca. 200,000-150,000 ya to now There is also confusion about H. erectus relationship to anatomically modern H. sapiens : H. erectus 1.8 mya to 250,000 ya H. erectus archaic H. sapiens modern H. sapiens overlap in time H. heidelbergensis 800,000 - 100,000 ya (includes what some call H. antecessor) Replaced H. erectus Geographically widespread: Europe, Asia, Eastern Africa Homo heidelbergensis Average cranial capacity 1,300 ml Compared to H. erectus : Forehead steeper, brain size modern Cranial bones thinner Face smaller, less prognathous Brow ridges less pronounced Postorbital constriction less (Feder and Park 2007:295) (Smithsonian Institution) Kabwe, Africa Steinheim, England Overall archaic cranial characteristics: Increase in cranial capacity: H. erectus x is 1000 ml archaic x is 1300 ml Development of forebrain, a higher forehead, rounder skull...
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This note was uploaded on 10/04/2011 for the course ANTH 101 taught by Professor Simmons during the Spring '06 term at South Carolina.

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Archaic H sapiens 2010 - Archaic Homo From 800,000 to...

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