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Data Recovery Spr 2010

Data Recovery Spr 2010 - Important principles for...

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Important principles for interpreting change in the world and for understanding the fossil record: 1. Uniformitarianism Rates and processes in the past were the same as can be observed today. 2. Steno’s Law or the Law of Superposition In undisturbed deposits, deeper strata will be older.
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BASIC VOCABULARY Artifact: an object made, used, or altered by humans Fossils: are rocks. They may be mineralized organic remains turned to rock, or they may be impressions such as footprints. Fossil locality: a place where fossils are found Site: a place where human activity occurred NOT where archaeologists dig: it is a site whether or not it is found or excavated
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Examples of artifacts A point (a biface) Rhyolite debitage from flintknapping Pottery sherds
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Archaeologists: study human behavior through material remains. They are interested in uncovering clues to culture and they excavate at archaeological sites. Paleoanthropologists: search for an understanding of early humans and human ancestors. They excavate at fossil localities, which may also be archaeological sites.
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Feature: a non-portable artifact embedded in the matrix, such as a hearth or postmold postmolds (where a wooden post used to be) Plan view (map with a bird’s-eye view )
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Midden: trash mixed with dirt. May occur spread across an area as a sheet midden, or it may fill a feature Matrix: the dirt that holds and supports artifacts and features Sterile: dirt that contains no cultural remains Living floor/surface: ancient surface upon which activities took place
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Provenience: exact horizontal and vertical
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