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Unformatted text preview: Etruria/Etruscans North of Rome Could be that Tarquinius and Servius were Etruscans- Claudius and tomb Influenced Rome- temple architecture, symbols of certain magistrates, religious practices Tarquin imported Etruscan craftsmen to build the Temple of Jupiter Optimus Maximus Tarquin fled to Etruscan city Caere after exile Consistently at war with Veii until 396 BC- sacked by Rome- first Roman foreign victory Sided with the Samnites during the Samnite Wars Romulus Romulus and Remus- Alba Longa- mythical city in Alban hills to the south of Rome Backstory- King Numitor was deposed by brother Amulius- Rhea Silvia, Numitor's daughter, was made a vestal virgin- Rhea became pregnant and birthed twins, Romulus and Remus- Amulius ordered them to be drowned in the Tiber river- saved by a she wolf- raised by a shepherd and his wife- twins grew up to lead a band of shepherd warriors/thieves- captured and dragged into city- the twins put Numitor back on the throne Romulus and Remus decide to found their own city where they were left to die- Romulus wants to found city on Palatine hill, Remus wanted to found it on Aventine hill- Remus mocked Romulus' city by jumping over city wall- Romulus killed his brother- April 21, 753 BC Romulus' city needed people- made it an asylum- let criminals and runaway slaves seek shelter- only attracted men Devised plan to have festival for Neptune- invited other cities to come- gave signal and the men snatched all the women they could Culminated in battle between Romulus and Titus Tatius- Sabine women intervened- made peace Titus and Romulus ruled jointly- Sabines moved to Rome Aeneas Left Trojan war- wandered and settled in Italy Romulus and Remus are descendants Romans bent over backwards to fit the two legends together Way for Rome to be part of the classical world and involved in Greek mythology without being Greek Why Pyrrhus called it the Second Trojan war Veii Etruscan- old enemy of Rome Tarquins second attempt to regain throne- enlisted Tarquinii and Veii to attack Rome- Brutus died in battle- Romans came out on top because the 2 cities abandon Tarquin Rome conquered Veii after 10 year siege brutal and decisive victory- leveled Veii- population was enslaved, exiled, or absorbed- land was divided among Roman peasants ensured Veii gods wouldn't return- evocatio- "calling forth"- ask the gods if they wanted to move to Rome- gods said yes- built new temples in Rome for the gods- built a temple in Rome for Juno Regina first Roman foreign conquest- forcibly destroyed an enemy- beginning of Roman empire Remus Romulus and Remus- Alba Longa- mythical city in Alban hills to the south of Rome Backstory- King Numitor was deposed by brother Amulius- Rhea Silvia, Numitor's daughter, was made a vestal virgin- Rhea became pregnant and birthed twins, Romulus and Remus- Amulius ordered them to be drowned in the Tiber river- saved by a she wolf- raised by a shepherd and his wife- twins grew up to...
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This note was uploaded on 10/04/2011 for the course HIST 1010 taught by Professor Notarian during the Fall '11 term at Tulane.
- Fall '11
- Greek Mythology