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Sources and Methods of Republican History

Sources and Methods of Republican History - Sources and...

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Sources and Methods of Republican History 753-42 BCE - The traditional date of the founding of Rome until the Battle of Phillipi - no cear distinction for end of Republic- 27 BCE-Augustus named emperor Roman monarchy- 753-509 BCE Republic- 509-42 BCE argue it was the longest surviving republic in history- our republic is half that length started as government for a single city- spanned an empire rome- tiny village in italy to capital of a massive empire- controlled for hundreds of year created "italy" as a concept italy has only been around since the mid 1800s not a unified country- divided geographically- different dialects forced conquest united italy- created common identity punic wars- against carthage- north africa- modern day tunisia- 264-241 bce- first punic war- rome acquired its first over seas property- entire med is under 1 power 2nd bce- spread east 58-49 bce- gaul imperial period- 42 bce-5th ad- shift power into europe most impressive monuments come from imperial era society and government- brief overview occurred over several centuries achieved by army of citizen soldiers- farmers free citizens- owned own land and farms key to success- had a base of free citizens- able to be flexible
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