Lecture 6 - 2.3.11 Lecture 6 II Glorious Revolution in England and America-English Civil War(1642-1651-Stuart Kings accused of endangering citizen's

Lecture 6 - 2.3.11 Lecture 6 II Glorious Revolution in...

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2.3.11 Lecture 6: II. Glorious Revolution in England and America -English Civil War (1642-1651) -Stuart Kings accused of endangering citizen’s liberty by imposing taxes without consent -imprisoned political enemies -Charles I beheaded -Protectorate, Oliver Cromwell (1653-1659) -Restoration of the Stuarts -Charles II (16660-1685) -Parliament asserted authority, expanded control (political and religious) -James II (1685-1688) -Catholic child: heir?, removed from throne -Glorious Revolution1689: William and Mary -Dutch Protestant -relatively bloodless Glorious Revolution in England -Under Charles II, Parliamentary power increased -James II: Catholic, believed in divine rights of kings -Whig Party installed William & Mary -Declaration of Rights (1689) -King is also subject to rule of law -John Locke, Two Treatises of Government (1690) Glorious Revolution in America -prior to 1670s: much autonomy in colonies -1680s: crown showed heavier hand -1689: new of Glorious Revolution led to several colonial rebellions III. Regional Economies A. Rise of the southern gentry

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