Lecture 12

Lecture 12 - -stalemate much of the time-British took...

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2.17.11 Lecture 12: Revolution -What were the strategies pursued by the British and the Americans? -How and why were the Americans able to win? I. War in the North A. Survival, 1775-1776 -British abandoned Boston -growing size of Continental Army -absence of Loyalist strength -New headquarters: New York -water route to interior -September 1776: last attempt at reconciliation -British dominated for the first 2 years -efforts to bring British Canada into the rebellion -Washington’s main strategy -avoid major battles -protect civilian population B. Middle Colonies, 1776-1778 -Successes in Trenton and Princeton winter (1776-77) -boosted morale -able to recruit more troops
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Unformatted text preview: -stalemate much of the time-British took Philadelphia, Sept 1777, but failed to capitalize on victory-Saratoga October 1777-secured alliance with France II. Second Continental Congress-big question: form a strong centralized government or loose confederation of states? Articles of Confederation-compromise measure-Congress could-regulate foreign affairs-declare war-mediate boundary disputes-post office-Native American relations-Congress: eac state had one vote-no executive or judiciary-Congress could not-levy taxes-raise troops-struggle for ratification (Nov 1777-March 1781)-war proved them inadequate III. War moves south...
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