Lecture 14 - -Vermont and Georgia: fairly...

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Lecture 14: Constitution of 1787 and the Politics of the 1790s -who would lead the new nation? -what shape would the new republican institutions take? I. Republican Ideology -public virtue: order imposed from below -factions=mortal disease -political parties were seen as dangerous and undesirable -total political equality? -property qualifications? New State Governments -Rhode Island and Connecticut used their charters -all other states had new constitutions by 1780 -American constitutionalism -sovereignty lies with the people -written constitution embodies the people’s will -government must function within clear constitutional limits -Pennsylvania: most radical -drafted 1776 -single, elected house -no executive -all taxpaying males 21+ could vote
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Unformatted text preview: -Vermont and Georgia: fairly radical-Massachusetts: more cautious-John Adams-2 houses-one more aristocratic, other more democratic-strong governor-traditional property qualifications-complex political legacy of revolution II. Confederation Government & Peacetime Agendau A. Demobilization of the Military veterans demanded benefits B. Debt-$25 million in war debt-had to borrow just to pay interest C. Western Lands-brought order to wewstern settlement-ordinances of 1784 & 1785-divided the region into territories-provided for survey and sale of land Northwest Ordinance 1787-provided for political organization of the region-states would enter union on equal footing-departure from royal policy-income from land sales]]...
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