Lecture 18 - 3.29.11 I. Transportation & the National...

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3.29.11 A. New Roads -Philadelphia and Lancaster Turnpike Road Company -complete in 1794, cost $465,000 -by 1821: 4000 miles of turnpikes B. Water – Steam power and canals -1807: Clairmont -1836: 361 steamboats in Mississippi valley -Erie Canal (1825) -363 miles long -connected NYC and the old NW -over 3000 miles of canals C. Railroads -inspired by Britian -could operate year-round -can build almost anywhere -Baltimore and Ohio Railroad (B&O) begun 1828 -by 1840: over 3000 miles of RR tracks -by 1860: over 300,000 miles of track and surpassed canals in total haulage Transportation revolution -impact on economic development -regional specialization (grain in old NW, dairy in New England) -frontier settlement II. Advance of Industrilization -begain in England in 18 th century -technological changes -iron and steel -new energy sources (steam) -invention of new machines that increased production (steam engine) -development of the factory system -developments in transportation and communication
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Lecture 18 - 3.29.11 I. Transportation & the National...

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