Lecture 21 - Lecture 21 Natives and Newcomers-what factors shaped the Second Party System as it emerged in the 1830s 1940s-labor economy immigration

Lecture 21 - Lecture 21 Natives and Newcomers-what factors...

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Lecture 21: Natives and Newcomers-what factors shaped the Second Party System as it emerged in the 1830s & 1940s?-labor, economy immigration, foreign policyI. Second American Party SystemA. Whigs-emerged in the early 1830s-most important galvanizing event: opposing Jackson (King Andrew I)-17thcentury, English Civil War: protectors of citizen’s liberty-initially a diverse group-Daniel Webster, Henry Clay, John Calhoun-business outlook-celbrated entrepreneur and self-made man-Henry Clay’s American System-saw politics as arena for moral reformHenry Clay-American System (outlined back in 1820s, return to Hamilton’s outlook)-strong U.S. Bank (regulate state banks)-tariffs: protect and raise money for economy-money from tariffs funnel into internal improvements-increase economic developmentB. Democrats-similar to Jeffersonian-smaller government-Americans free to pursue their own interests-religious tolerance-Catholics and recent immigrants-less moralisticII. Labor Politics and the DepressionA. Election of 1836

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