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Lecture 21 - Lecture 21 Natives and Newcomers-what factors...

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Lecture 21: Natives and Newcomers -what factors shaped the Second Party System as it emerged in the 1830s & 1940s? -labor, economy immigration, foreign policy I. Second American Party System A. Whigs -emerged in the early 1830s -most important galvanizing event: opposing Jackson (King Andrew I) -17 th century, English Civil War: protectors of citizen’s liberty -initially a diverse group -Daniel Webster, Henry Clay, John Calhoun -business outlook -celbrated entrepreneur and self-made man -Henry Clay’s American System -saw politics as arena for moral reform Henry Clay -American System (outlined back in 1820s, return to Hamilton’s outlook) -strong U.S. Bank (regulate state banks) -tariffs: protect and raise money for economy -money from tariffs funnel into internal improvements -increase economic development B. Democrats -similar to Jeffersonian -smaller government -Americans free to pursue their own interests -religious tolerance -Catholics and recent immigrants -less moralistic II. Labor Politics and the Depression A. Election of 1836
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