Lecture 6 - Comparison II - o The bulk of seats in...

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9/19/07 Poly Sci Lecture 6 Comparison - Two models of democracy (review) o Westminster (Majoritarian) model o Consensus Model - Comparing democracies: o One-party vs. coalition governments o Two-Party vs. multi-party systems o Electoral systems: “winner-takes-all” vs. proportional representation o Unitary/centralized vs. federal/decentralized systems o Constitutional flexibility vs. constitutional rigidity o Judicial review: absence vs. presence Comparing Democracies (continued) - Majoritarian : One-party and bare-majority governments o The most powerful organ in government is the cabinet o Comprised of members of the party that has the majority in parliament o The minority is not included in government o Coaltion governments are rare o Majorities are generally narrow, meaning that the minority is relatively large but nevertheless condemned to the role of opposition - Consensus: Broad coalition governments o All or most important parties share executive power - Majoritarian: Two-Party system
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Unformatted text preview: o The bulk of seats in parliament are held by only two major parties, who essentially take turns governing o However, the two major parties are generally located toward the center, but on opposite sides; i.e. there is generally one center-left and one center-right party-Consensus: Multiparty System o More than two parties o No party comes close to being a majority party (i.e. receives 50%+ of votes) o More ideologically extreme parties can be successful o But: fairly small number of parties usually captures the vast majority of votes. 9/19/07-Majoritarian: Winner takes all o Votes are not translated proportionally into parliamentary seats. o Electoral rules favor Large parties Government parties-Consensus: “Proportional representation” electoral systems. o Votes are translated proportionally into parliamentary seats o Electoral rules do not favor either large or government parties...
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Lecture 6 - Comparison II - o The bulk of seats in...

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