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Running head: HAZARDOUS WASTE 1Hazardous WasteColumbia Southern University
HAZARDOUS WASTE 2Hazardous WasteFor many years, hazardous waste has been an issue to the environment. Many people are not educated enough about hazardous waste and they might not know what it is or how to dispose of it. Four characteristics of a hazardous waste; the manifest system; treatment, storage and disposal facilities; two features of a hazardous waste landfill that are not in a municipal solidwaste landfill and the progress made by the Comprehensive Environmental Response, Compensation and Liability Act (CERCLA) will be discuss. Characteristics and Lists of Hazardous WasteMany people may wonder, what is a hazardous waste? As the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) defines it, a hazardous waste is a solid waste that is specifically listed as a known hazardous waste or meets the characteristics of a hazardous waste. Also, hazardous waste has substantial or potential threats to the public or the environment. The list of hazardous waste is called F, K, P and U lists and they are regulated by the Resource Conservation and Recovery Act (RCRA). First, the solid waste that are common to most industries are found in the F list. Secondly, the K list is for solid waste from a specific source. Next, the P and U list are for chemicals that have not been used, but will be disposed of hazardous waste. Just because a chemical is not listed as a hazardous waste by the RCRA, it does not mean it is not a hazardous waste. As stated previously, a hazardous waste can also be considered hazardous by its characteristics. The four characteristics are toxicity, reactivity, ignitability and corrosive. Toxic waste is something poisonous and may have acute or chronic effects to animals and humans. Second, reactive waste is explosive and can react with air, water or other substances. Next, ignitable waste are flammable and they burn at low temperatures. Lastly, corrosive waste can rustor decompose. The pH scale is used as an indicator. A liquid with a pH of less than 2 or greater