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Lecture 12 - German History - October 8 2007 German History...

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October 8, 2007 German History Road to Statehood (pre-1871) - Emphasis on common cultural and ethnic traits - Industrial Revolution and economic development - German (Prussian) militarism - Path toward national unity under Prussian leadership o Prussian Minister-President Otto von Bismarck forges conservative- reactionary coalition between old aristocracy and new-money industrialists 1871: Unified German State - 1860s: “Blood and Iron” o Three bloody wars precede statehood as Prussia defeats: Denmark Austria-Hungary France - King of Prussia = Kaiser (Emperor) of united Germany - But: Bismarck still calls the shots 1871-1918: Kaiserreich - Rise of labor movement and SPD (Social Democratic Party of Germany) - But: power remains in hands of traditional conservative forces - Rapid industrialization - Quest of Empire (“Our place in the sun”) - Ultimately: Germany triggers WWI The First World War - WWI Costs Germany o Hundreds of thousands of lives o Its few colonial possessions o Its imperial social and political order - With the end of WWI, Germany ceased to be a monarchy - When the Kaiser abdicates, it leaves Germany without a head of government or a head of state
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October 8, 2007
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