Lecture 13 - German History II

Lecture 13 - German History II - October 10th German...

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October 10th German History (Continued) - The End of the War - Occupation - The Federal Republic of Germany - The German Democratic Republic - Reunification The End of the War - 1945: Germany can no longer withstand US attack from West and USSR attack from East - May 1945: unconditional surrender; Hitler commits suicide - German as nation-state ceases to exist; no precedent in modern times for a major state simply disappearing overnight - The physical and human devastation enormous o 8 million German dead o 25% of housing destroyed; >50% in some cities o Economic infrastructure obliterated o Acute shortage of food o Germany facing a huge refugee crisis 1945-1949 Occupation - Germany divided into four sectors (US, UK, France, USSR) - 1949: occupation formally ends, but: o Unified US, UK, France sectors = Federal Republic of Germany o USSR sector = German Democratic Republic o Both “Germanies” unlike normal nation-states Federal Republic (West Germany) - Democracy imposed by allies “from above”
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This note was uploaded on 04/05/2008 for the course POLI SCI 106 taught by Professor Hererra during the Fall '08 term at Wisconsin.

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Lecture 13 - German History II - October 10th German...

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