Lecture 17 - Russian History

Lecture 17 - Russian History - Russian History-...

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Unformatted text preview: Russian History- Pre-Revolution- Sot Revolution(s) of 1917- Soviet System of government- Stalinism- WWII- De-Stalinization and Khrushchev- Brezhnev- Gorbachev- End of the USSR- Russia Difficult Reforms- Russia Today Pre-Revolution- Pre-1917 o Tsar-monarch o Autocratic system o Patrimonial state State ruled country and owned the land- 1905-1917 o Uprising in countryside and strikes in cities o Further repression by tsar and limited economic and political reforms Sot Revolution: 1917- Not spontaneous uprising, but carefully orchestrated coup detat- Building on widespread discontent, hunger in the countryside, unpopularity of WWI.- 1 st Revolution: o February Revolution of March 1917 o Tsar Nicholas II overthrown o Moderate provisional government put in place- 2 nd Revolution o Bolshevik Revolution of November 1917 o Provisional govt. overthrown Lenin takes power- Bolsheviks? o Marxists o Democratic Centralism Started out with more democracy Ended up with more centralism o Dictatorship of the proletariat under leadership of Communist party that serves as vanguard of the proletariat o In long run: rather than temporary stage before state withers away, turns into dictatorship of the Communist Parry that endured until the 1990s o Turns into one of the most oppressive totalitarian regimes, especially...
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Lecture 17 - Russian History - Russian History-...

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