Poly-Sci 207 Notes

Poly-Sci 207 Notes - PolySci 207 Notes 9/3/10 Three major...

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Poly-Sci 207 Notes 15:14 9/3/10 Three major issues: immigration, liberalism vs. conservatism, policy responsibility Immigration – policy responsibility of the states Every year, 1 million immigrants are legally allowed in the US Every year, about 2-3 million enter illegally 1986 – Immigration Reform and Control Act (Simpson Mazzoli Act) This act put fines on employers who employed illegal aliens The act did not slow illegal immigration, because the jobs aliens held were not official  The act failed because it had no plan of slowing illegal immigration The U.S. has about 11 million illegal immigrants 3 reasons why people are tolerant of illegal immigration: Many citizens empathize with immigrants who lived under harsh conditions Many have relatives in foreign countries that they want in the U.S. Some people feel that immigration laws are discriminatory against all Hispanics  Most immigrants go to these states: Hawaii, New York, California, Texas, Florida, Arizona Liberalism vs. Conservatism Liberal: relaxed eligibility standards (in a liberal state, it’s typically easier to get an  abortion, get on welfare, etc.) Five major issues over debate
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Abortion laws: Liberals pro-choice, Conservatives pro-life Welfare: Liberals allow more welfare Taxation: Liberals use Progressive taxes: taxes based on income Conservatives use a flat-tax rate Unionization: States with stronger unions are liberal. States with weak or no unions are  cons. Other ways to tell if state is lib. or cons.: States that have Nordic ethnicity (Canadian immigrants) are more liberal, states with  more Southern ethnicity (Mexican immigrants) are conservative. Political Culture: some states liberalism or conservatism is based on history more than  anything E.g. California is considered liberal, Texas is conservative Religion: religions can help us know if a state is liberal or conservative (based on how  often people attend church) States with people who attend church more are considered conservative, less church  attendance=liberal Policy Responsibility Education: education is almost always handled by local government Only exception is when the state takes over a very poor school The local school board/superintendant decide all things about school Health care: responsibility of state, NOT local govnt. Transportation: over 4 million miles of roadway in U.S. States build the highways
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Poly-Sci 207 Notes - PolySci 207 Notes 9/3/10 Three major...

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