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Features of Written English
Features of Written English 1. Complexity 2. Formality 3. Precision 4. Objectivity 5. Explicitness 6. Accuracy 7. Hedging 8. Organization 9. Planning
1. Complexity i. vocabulary Longer words; multi- syllable words. For example, it uses many ‘bigger’ words that are not normally used in conversation. compensate, ascend and interrogate ii. Phrases More noun based phrases than verb based Like all other forms of life, we human beings are the product of evolution . (Noun) Like all other forms of life, we human beings are the product of how we have evolved. (verb based phrase) Premack used a set of plastic chips to teach a chimpanzee named Roy the meaning of a set of symbols . (Noun based Phrase) Premack used a set of plastic chips to teach a chimpanzee named Roy what a set of symbols mean .
1. Complexity… continued iii. Sentences structure sentences tend to be long and complex, and grammar rules are followed strictly. Exercise: Pg. 5
2. Formality Academic writing is relatively formal. In general this means in an essay that you should avoid:
What are Phrasal Verbs? Phrasal verbs are verbs that consists of a verb and a particle. Particles are small words which you already know as prepositions or adverbs. Some of the most common phrasal verb particles are: About, around, at, away, back, down, for, in, into, off, on, out, over, through, to, up.
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3. Precision In academic writing, facts and figures are given precisely. In academic writing you need to be precise when you use information, dates or figures.

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