elecn - The selection of officeholders oPresident/vice...

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The selection of officeholders oPresident/vice president o12thAmendment : separate electoral ballots oMembers of the House and Senate •Different Election Cycles oConcurrence and nonconcurrence Incumbents oA politician running for reelection to the office s/he currently holds o2004 George W. Bush, 1992 George H.W. Bush •Challengers oA politician running for an office that he does not hold at the time of the election. Challengers run against incumbents or in open-seat elections. o2008 Barack Obama, 2004 John Kerry Retrospective evaluation oA citizen’s judgment of an office holder’s job performance since the last election oAre you better off now than you were four years ago? •Prospective evaluation oA citizen’s judgment of a candidate based on what he or show pledges to do about an issue if elected. oWhich candidate will make me better off? Unitary Executive : U.S. President •Election Process •Invisible primary period •Primaries/ Caucuses •Iowa Caucuses / New Hampshire Primaries •Republican/ Democratic National Convention •General election Campaign •Election Day •Electoral College meeting •Inauguration (Jan. 20th) Step 1. Nomination oThe selection of a particular candidate to run for office in general election as a representative of his or her political party. oCompetition within Party •Step 2. General election oThe election in which voters cast ballots for House members, senators, and (every four years) a president and vice president. oCompetition between Parties Invisible Primary
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oThe period of the presidential nomination process before the actual voting begins oDuring this pre-voting period, presidential candidates engage in many preparatory activities, including making their formal declarations of candidacy, seeking endorsements, participating in a series of debates, seeking large amounts of financial contributions, and trying to increase their name recognition. Election Process Primary oA ballot vote in which citizens select a party’s nominee for the general election oOpen Primary A primary in which party members, independents, and sometimes members of the other party are allowed to vote Example: Georgia, Texas, Alabama, etc. oClosed Primary Participation in the primary of a party with which the voter is not affiliated Example: Florida, New Hampshire, New York, etc. •Caucus oLocal meetings in which party members select a party’s nominee for the general election oExample: Iowa, Alaska, Wyoming, Idaho, North Dakota, Hawaii Congressional Caucus (1800-1824) •National Convention (1832-1968) oControlled by Party leaders oThe 1968 Democratic Convention oMarch 31, LBJ announced he would not seek re-election oRobert Kennedy, Eugene McCarthy, and George McGovern in the race oApril 27, Hubert Humphrey entered the race oJune 5, Robert Kennedy was shot oRace between McCarthy vs. Humphrey oHumphrey did not participate in any primaries, but controlled enough delegates oOnly 13 States held a primary in 1968 Congressional Caucus (1800-1824) •National Convention (1832-1968)
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