Political party - Definitions of Political Party Organizations that run candidates for political office and coordinate the actions of officials

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Definitions of Political Party Organizations that run candidates for political office and coordinate the actions of officials elected under the party banner (BC p.218) A group of political activists who organize to win elections, operate the government, and determine public policy •Interest Group Interest groups; do not want to operate the government do not put forth political candidates Tend to sharpen issues Party Organization A specific political party’s leaders and workers at the national, state and local level National committee, PACs, state party organizations, etc. •Party in government The group of officeholders who belong to a specific political party and were elected as candidates of that party Congressional caucus, Democratic Congressional Campaign Committee, National Republican Senatorial Committee, etc. •Party in the electorate The group of citizens who identify with a specific political party Partisans Parties were widely considered to be a threat to good government and public order. In Federalist No. 10 James Madison “faction” which, by definition, holds intentions “adverse to the rights of other citizens, or to the permanent and aggregate interests of the community.” George Washington, Farewell Address “warn…in the most solemn manner against the baneful effects of the Spirit of Party, generally.” John Adams, “a division of the republic into two great parties…is to be dreaded as the greatest political evil under our Constitution.” Thomas Jefferson, “If I could not get to heaven but with a party, I would not go there at all. Creation of National Parties Federalists vs. Democratic -Republicans •Party system First American parties were not meant to be permanent However, after the ratification of the Constitution, Americans came to realize that something more permanentthan a faction would be necessary to identify candidates for office and represent political differences among the people. The first party system (cont.) •The origin of American parties Federalists Alexander Hamilton and John Adams
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Strong national government and a national bank Pro-British Democratic-Republicans Thomas Jefferson and James Madison
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This note was uploaded on 10/05/2011 for the course HIST 2111 taught by Professor Winship during the Fall '08 term at University of Georgia Athens.

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Political party - Definitions of Political Party Organizations that run candidates for political office and coordinate the actions of officials

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