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Unformatted text preview: 8/16/11 Before the 18 th century the patrons were always the Royalty or the Church, people, as a public, had no voice The Role of the Artist new concept; how does the artist feel about his art? The 18 th century was revolutionary in many ways: politics, economics, experiences in great loss and socially Enlightenment: we are still furthering its principles; it was a intellectual, philosophical movement that believed in a more rational inquiry into the world… sometimes people throw in science however that is a very loose term for the time period; it starts to challenge the religious or philosophical orient of the world; observational sciences was key to the enlightenment - Includes the word “light” which is a metaphor to higher understanding… ex. Shedding light on a problem; the word “light” was very rich in meaning during the 18 th century… even the science behind it Cornaro Chapel , Bernini, Rome 1645-52 before the 18 th century the church used art to emphasize religious, mystical experiences- The Enlightenment always had the justification to improve life; learning and progress is essential to the Enlightenment- Many enlightenment scholars were still religious, many still catholic; religion was not all of a sudden cast aside, however there was a new hierarchy in science based on proof and reason read Manuel Kant for Thrus. “What is Enlightenment?” It was an essay in a competition to try to explain what the Enlightenment was; written in 1783… submitted into a magazine so many read it Why is the Enlightenment important to him? How would this definition of enlightenment apply to artists?- Enlightenment was critical in different ways of reason Reason Pulls the Veil off of Truth , Cochin, frontispiece to the Encyclopedie (publ. 1764) Didtiro w/ Dalambert collaborated Cochin was a member of the French Royal Art Academy… he was the secretary (2 nd most powerful position next to the President) Etching: very commonly used in the18th cent. because you can create more kinds of effects because of the fine lines… more painterly Allegory: the representation of abstract concepts, most often in human form… especially the female figure Reason was a beautiful woman, and Truth was a beautiful woman as well often nude because she is “pure” This form of nudity was meant to please and delight, not highly sexualized… Truth has pure and chaste nudity This shows that the texts in the book will enlighten you and give you the truth about things; relating this to human achievement with the human form and the architectural structures in the background; however it is ideals that has been worked and reworked The encyclopedia was considered dangerous in some ways; it was banned in Spain b/c it was very catholic and it saw the Encyclopedia as a threat Enlightenment believed knowledge was essential for the growth of civilization, it was the time of great exploration… started to compare their society with the new societies of the Americas… the “Noble Savage” not exposed to the bad parts of society 8/18/11 best libraries were in the churches, we separate the church out of the enlightenment but in reality,...
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- Fall '11
- Royal Art Academy