Chapter 7 - Emergency Situations and Injury Assessment...

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Emergency Situations and Injury  Assessment Chapter 7
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Emergency Preparation Basic knowledge of trauma care is critical You could be the one who is responsible for saving  someone’s life Emergency situations may arise at anytime during  athletic events Quick and efficient actions must be taken Seconds = Life and Death Development and implementation of  emergency  action plan  ensures best care. Once EMS is summoned, they have the final say on  how the situation is handled.
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Emergency Situations Who’s the first to  respond? MD, ATS, EMT Coach      Administrator Type and degree of  medical coverage  may vary widely Sport, setting, type of  training/competition
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Principles of Assessment Care can’t be administered until you assess your athlete… Athlete is -  Unconscious Manage the athlete for life-threatening  injuries trying to stabilize the athlete for  transport. Note body position – Supine vs Prone Check airway, breathing, and circulation (ABCs) Assume there is a neck or spine  injury Athlete is –  Conscious Manage and assess the athlete for life- threatening injuries, if none are noted, then  move  the athlete where a more complete evaluation can  occur. 911  should be called regardless of situation.
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Primary Survey Emergency Priority Airway / Circulatory Complications C-Spine Injury Compound Fractures Secondary Priority Dislocations Fractures Sprains, strains, bruises, etc. Decisions that can be made from the secondary survey (What we do in the training  room or on the field) HOPS –  H istory -  O bservation –  P alpation –  S pecial Test Seriousness of injury Type of first aid required Whether injury warrants referral to a physician Type of transportation needed
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Unstable(check every 5’)  Stable (check every 15’) Pulse  Respiration Blood pressure Systolic – left ventricle  contracts Diastolic – residual     pressure in between beats Temperature Skin color Pupils State of consciousness
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Chapter 7 - Emergency Situations and Injury Assessment...

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