ACOM Class notes.pdf - LANGUAGE AND SOCIAL ACTION SPRING SEMESTER 2016 INSTRUCTOR WILLIAM HUSSON [email protected] 26 JANUARY 2016 A Communication is

ACOM Class notes.pdf - LANGUAGE AND SOCIAL ACTION SPRING...

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LANGUAGE AND SOCIAL ACTION SPRING SEMESTER 2016 INSTRUCTOR: WILLIAM HUSSON [email protected] 26 JANUARY 2016 A. Communication is symbolic a. A symbol is arbitrary and represents something else i. Object ii. Idea iii. Person or place iv. Relationship b. A symbol can be a word, movement, sound, picture, logo, and more c. Symbols and signs are not the same i. signs are consequences/indicators of something specific ii. not able to be changed by human arbitrary action. d. Symbols have no direct connection to what they represent i. can be different in different cultures or the same culture B. Symbols must convey meaning a. particular meanings are not tied to a single symbol. b. can be conveyed in multiple ways C. Communication requires meaning a. social construction of meaning i. symbols take on meaning in social context or society as they are used over time ii. meaning are recognized by those who have used them over time. 1
b. denotative meaning- the commonly understood, widely accepted primary meaning if a verbal or nonverbal symbol c. connotative meaning- the commonly understood, widely accepted secondary associations of a verbal or nonverbal symbol D. Verbal and nonverbal influence on meaning a. delivery influences the message sent b. determining meaning is more complex than it may seem E. Meaning and the medium a. the medium is the means through which a message is conveyed b. the medium impacts the meaning of the message i. face-to-face ii. electronic iii. social media c. Communications and relationships are intertwined i. relationships are assumed any time we communicate with someone ii. Communication contains content (message) and relational levels iii. relationships are not always obvious iv. relationships create worlds of meaning F. Example : a. Example 1, person B isn’t concerned with or sympathetic toward person A which gives insight into their relationship b. Example 2, person B has a much more sympathetic and caring response which shows that they have a closer relationship G. Communication Involves Frames a. frames are basic forms of knowledge that provide definition to a scenario i. both people agree, or ii. cultural assumptions are built in iii. communication frames draw boundaries around conversations and pull attention to and away from certain things 2
b. Coordination interactions i. frames help people understand their role in the conversation as well as what is expected of them ii. shared understandings of these frames enable people to make sense of what is occurring so they can coordinate their symbolic activities c. assigning meaning i. People use frames to make decisions about what symbols to use and how the symbols should be interpreted ii. symbols need a b/g of knowledge built into the interpretation of the words themselves.

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