Reading Assignment Question (6).docx - Reading Assignment...

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Reading Assignment Question 1 Provide substantive answers to the six (6) questions: 1. In the MacIntyre reading, what did the “good” mean in its original context during the Homeric era? Was it a purely private and individualistic term or did it pertain to social relations? 2. What are some events, as MacIntyre suggests, that led to the change of Greek society and ultimately how did this begin to change the conception of the “good”? 3. What does MacIntyre claim is the problem with the “moral relativism” of the Greek sophists? 4. What do these moral relativists presuppose about human nature, or as MacIntyre says, what are the main features of the “natural man” hiding behind conventional morals? 5. Explain MacIntyre’s accounting of whether there is anything really “natural” about this “natural man”? What are the reasons he gives behind his claim that “the concept of the natural man suffers from a fatal internal incoherence”? 6. McCarthy’s article emphasizes that for Aristotle “the economic management of the household is not the acquisition of commodities but the cultivation of human excellence.” What do you think is the significance of this distinction? (this is the key to Aristotle’s ethical and political thought as we will see next week. This emphasis will be an important touchstone moving forward, as we will see how radically different this is from our modern times) Reading Assignment Question 2 After reading Aristotle's Nicomachean Ethics and Politics along with my lecture notes, and then Martha Nussbaum’s article, “Nature, Function and Capability: Aristotle on Political Distribution”, provide substantive answers to the following questions. Remember to look over the Reading Assignment Rubric before answering the questions: 1. In the Nicomachean Ethics how does Aristotle define the ultimate good of Happiness and how does he distinguish it from 3 ways most people view its source? (be sure to use the lecture notes as an aid in answering these questions about Aristotle's thought) 2. How does Aristotle understand "virtue" in relation to realizing our distinctive capabilities? 3. In Politics, what makes us distinctively human animals? More specifically, what does Aristotle mean when he calls humans by nature “political animals”? What is the significance of comparing and contrasting with bees? 4. In his Politics what are the two types of “arts of acquisition” (i.e. economic activity or business acquisition) and how does Aristotle evaluate them differently according to the differences between exchange value and use value? 5. In relation to the two different types of business acquisition and their value systems--exchange value and use value--what does Aristotle mean by “false wealth” and “real wealth”? 6. According to Nussbaum what is the ultimate goal of distribution in society for Aristotle and why does it need a thick notion of the "good"?

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