Hrm 360 notes.docx - Research methods 1 why care A program...

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Research methods1.why care?A.program development/implementationB.in-house research and consultantsC.evaluating research2.Basic languageA.HypothesisI.variablea.independent- whatever is being put into the equation to influence a changeb.dependent- what they are trying to changeD.operational definition3.Research strategiesA.Field study- measure the environment of the work place and see how it is but don't change itB.Field experiment- when you go into a workplace and change the environment to see what worksC.Experimental simulation- use accurate and exact simulation to see how people react in asituation that really shouldn't be done in a field experiment(i.e. test a pilots reaction to stress in the cockpit)D.Laboratory experiment- take aspects of the real world and try to reproduce a controlled environment E.sample survey- a representative sample of a group4.McGraths research strategy circumplex5.True experimentA.Experimental plus control groupsI.experimentalII.controlA.random assignment- each person has an equal chance to be assigned to the experimental or control groupB.third or confounding variable- variable that can influence the outcome of an experiment but is not part of the study6.Quasi-experiment7.Statistics ( simple correlation)-the degree to which one variable is related to anotherA.correlation coefficient- the statistic you receive (r)I.2 parts
Personality1.what is a personality- refers to a longstanding and enduring pattern of behavioral andpsychological characteristics B.Big 5 theory- your personality can be described by 5 dimensionsI.sociability/extraversionII.agreeablenessIII. conscientiousnessIV.emotional stability/neuroticism V.intellectual openness 8.specific traitsA.Locust of controlI.internal- you are in control of what happens to youII.external- outside forces affect what happens to youA.Introversion/ExtroversionE.Affective traits I.Positive affectivity- seeing things positivelyII.Negative affectivity- seeing things negativelya.PA+NA —> moodsb.PA+NA —> emotions 9.Job satisfactionA.consequences- turnover, individual productivity, absenteeism 10. More on personalityA.Need to belong- need to form lasting, positive, interpersonal relationships Perception Attribuition1.Sensation perceptionB.Sensation- our senses pick up information and change it into a form that can be used by our brainsC.Perception- where we make sense of or give meaning to the messages that we get from our senses 11. Recognizing the worldA.Bottum-up processing- when we get meaning from a stimulus by only using the sensory information coming up from the stimulus to our brain B.Top-down processing- when we use preexisting thoughts, expectations,and motivations to make sense of thingsI.Schemas- abstract knowledge structures that are stored in memory and allow peopleto organize and interpret information about a given target of perceptiona.

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