Lecture 34 - Mexico Political System II

Lecture 34 - Mexico Political System II - Outline: Mexico -...

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Outline: Mexico - Political Institutions o Executive o Legislature o Executive-Legislative Relations o Federalism - Economic Governance Executive - Presidential system o President is directly elected by pure plurality vote o One six year term, nonrenewable o Formally, the president’s powers are fairly constrained. .. o But during the PRI era the President possessed a broad range of unwritten “metaconstitutional” powers o These powers ensured his dominance over other political institutions Things have changed, this was during the PRI era - The term “Presidencialismo” connotes this broad range of formal and informal powers o Supreme Court never found presidential decisions or actions to be unconstitutional o Congress never challenged presidential appointees o President had informal power to seat and unseat state governors, mayors, and members of Congress o During PRI era, the president also served as party leader (choosing officials, dictating legislation, even selecting the next presidential candidate) - Key achievement of recent democratization: Constitution has begun to be applied President’s powers are now legally and practically limited (more on this later: executive-legislative relations) - President = head of state and government; Supreme Commander of armed forces
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Lecture 34 - Mexico Political System II - Outline: Mexico -...

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