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Exam 2- Life span - Exam 2 Study Guide Chapter 4 1 What are...

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Exam 2 Study Guide Chapter 4 1. What are the two major types of prevention with respect to health issues during childhood? Immunizations and Avoiding accidents 2. What are the issues surrounding poverty in childhood? There is no source of healthcare, higher risks to catch diseases, and malnourishment. 3. How does the early formation of healthy behavioral patterns influence adolescent development? It is a critical juncture Adolescence health help prevent adult health problems Don’t get proper exercise 4. How do parents and peers influence adolescent health? Adolescents who spend time and eat dinner with their parents are less likely to fight, smoke, etc. Peer pressure can also influence adolescent health, adolescents tend to give into peer pressure and engage in compromising behaviors such as substance abuse, early sexual activity, etc. 5. What are the different types of chronic disorders in late adulthood? In women- arthritis, hypertension, and sinus problems. In men- there is hypertension, arthritis, hearing impairments and heart disease. 6. What are the characteristics and causes of Alzheimer’s disease? Neuronal tangles in brain, plaques in brain. The causes are deficiency in neurotransmitter acetylcholine, age, family history, and other factors. 7. What are the benefits of breastfeeding? Who shouldn’t breastfeed? It is much more nutritious and sterile for babies. Mothers who have HIV, tuberculosis, or taking any drugs that is not safe for infants should not breastfeed. 8. What are the different types of malnutrition? Marasmus - severe malnutrition due to insufficient caloric intake. Kwashiorkor - severe malnutrition caused by a deficiency in protein. 9. What are some consequences of obesity? Obesity in childhood is linked to obesity in adulthood. Obesity is linked to lifelong health problems such as high blood pressure, high cholesterol, and respiratory abnormalities, which are powerful predictors of heart disease, diabetes, and more.
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