Lifespan Final Exam

Lifespan Final Exam - Lifespan Final Exam Chapter 12 1....

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Lifespan Final Exam Chapter 12 1. What is the difference between gender and sex? Gender- male or female Sex- biological aspects of being male or female 2. What are gender roles, gender typing, and gender stereotyping? Gender roles- set of expectation on how a male or female should act or feel Gender typing- the socialization of male or female Gender stereotyping- generalizations about how certain people should behave 3. How do exposure to unusual levels of hormones influence behavior? Androgen-insensitive males- takes on female characteristics and gender identity and may be attracted to males Congenital adrenal hyperplasia- in females in which androgen is produced at unusually high rates. Shows stronger interest in being/acting like a male. 4. How does the evolutionary perspective account for sex differences? Males have multiple sex partners looks for long term mates that are able to support the family good caretakers Females have few partners 5. Know the differences among the two social theories of gender development; social role theory and social cognitive theory. Social role theory- women have less power and control fewer resources overall, women perform more domestic work and receive lower pay and represented lower in hierarchy because of social hierarchy show more cooperation. Social cognitive theory- observational learning, we act differently because of our leaders 6. Know the differences between the two cognitive theories of gender development; cognitive developmental theory of gender and gender schema theory. Theory of gender- depends of our thinking and our cognition once can see self as male or female more likely to act as that label gender. Gender schema theory- gender roles are guided by gender schema Gender constancy-the understanding that sex remains the same even though outer appearances may change. Schema- cognitive structure that guides an individual. Tells you how one should act culturally specific; no gender constancy. 7. What are the differences between masculine/instrumental and feminine/expressive traits? Instrumental traits- generalized to males; independent, aggressive, power oriented. Allowed males to take on these traits of being the bread winner. Expressive- warm, caring, responsive. Helped feminine role of being caregiver at home. 8. Be familiar with the different similarities and differences between men and women: physical, cognitive, aggression, and self regulation Physical- evolutionary Cognitive- 2 major differences Men- better with math/special visual Women- better verbal ability
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Aggression Physical (hitting)- men higher and decreases with age Verbal- either no difference or males are lower Relational- trying to destroy relationship higher in girls.
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Lifespan Final Exam - Lifespan Final Exam Chapter 12 1....

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