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Nutrition Study Guide 2114

Nutrition Study Guide 2114 - Study Guide 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9...

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Study Guide 1. Foods - any substance that parades the nutrients necessary to maintain life and growth when ingested 2. Appetite - psychological 3. Hunger - physical 4. Habit - the ways in which we use food 5. Inorganic - does not contain carbon 6. Organic - contains carbon 7. Water soluble vitamins - vulnerable to destruction 8. Functional foods - foods that contain active compounds that provide health benefits beyond their nutrient contributions 9. Essential nutrients - nutrients a person must obtain from food because the body doesn’t make enough 10. Energy yielding nutrients - the nutrients that break down to yield energy the body can use 11. Calories - units by which energy is measured 12. Genome - the complete set of genetic material in an organism or a cell 13. Dietary reference intakes(DRI) - set of nutrient intake values for healthy people in the U.S. and Canada 14. Estimated average requirement (EAR) - the average amount of nutrient that appears sufficient for half of the population. 15. Recommended dietary allowances (RDA) - recommendations to meet the needs of most healthy people. 98% 16. Adequate Intakes (AI) - reflects the average amount of a nutrient that a group of health people consumes. 17. Tolerable Upper Intake Level (UL) - point where nutrient is likely to be toxic. 18. Estimated energy requirement (EER) - average dietary energy intake to maintain energy balance. 19. Acceptable macronutrient distribution ranges (AMDR) - ranges of intakes for the energy and nutrients and reduce the risk of chronic diseases.
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