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ARCHITECTURAL TERMS Altar: a structure on which to place or sacrifice offerings to a deity. The Christian altar is a table or slab on supports consecrated for celebration of the sacrament Apse: a vaulted semicircular or polygonal termination Arcade: a range of arches carried on piers or columns, either free-standing or blind, i.e. attached to a wall; a covered passage with shops on one or both sides Atrium: in Roman domestic architecture, an inner court open to the sky and surrounded by the roof; in Early Christian and medieval architecture, an open court in front of a church Basilica: an ancient Roman colonnaded hall for public use, later adopted as a building type for Early Christian churches. It was from public building of this type that Early Christian churches evolved and by acquired their essential characteristics: oblong plan; a timber roof; a termination, either rectangular or in the form of an apse; and usually nave with two or more aisles, the former higher and wider than the latter
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This note was uploaded on 10/07/2011 for the course ART HISTOR 082:251:01 taught by Professor Rosenfield during the Spring '11 term at Rutgers.

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