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Restorative Justice in the 21st Century

focus on problem solving on liabilitiesobligations

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Unformatted text preview: establishing blame or guilt, on the past (did he/she do it?) Focus on problem solving, on liabilities/obligations, on the future (what should be done?) Emphasis on adversarial relationship Emphasis on dialogue and negotiation Imposition of deter/prevent Community on abstractly by state pain to punish sideline, and represented in the and social Restitution as a means of restoring both parties; goal of reconciliation/restoration Community process as facilitator in restorative Response focused on offender's past behavior Response focused on harmful consequences of offender's behavior; emphasis on the future Dependence upon proxy professionals Direct involvement by participants *Source: Adapted from Zehr, 1990. Balanced and Restorative Justice for Juveniles 15 B. The Restorative Justice Framework Restorative justice offers a coherent alternative to the increasingly retributive philosophical focus of the juvenile court sanctioning process and moves beyond the limits of individual treatment based on the “medical model.” While retributive justice is focused on public vengeance and provision of punishment through an adversarial process, restorative justice is concerned with the broader relationship between offender, victim, and community, and gives priority to repairing the damage or harm done t...
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