Unformatted text preview: sity of California
at Los Angeles Law Review 31:503-562.
Wilkins, L. (1991). Punishment, crime and market forces. Brookfield, VT: Dartmouth Publishing
Co. Pp. 312.
Wright, M. (1991). Justice for Victims and Offenders. Buckingham, Open University.
Zehr, H. (1990). Changing Lenses. Scottsdale, PA: Herald Press. Balanced and Restorative Justice for Juveniles 57 XI. Endnotes
1. Manifestations of the movement toward what Feld (1990) has labeled the "punitive juvenile
court" and others describe as a "retributive juvenile justice system" include widely documented
statutory, policy, and procedural changes. Determinate and mandatory minimum sentencing laws
in some states (Feld, 1993), fewer restrictions on transfer to adult court (Texas Family Code
Annotated, 1986; Feld, 1990; Thomas and Bilchik, 1985), a weaker role for judges and
traditional decision makers (Rubin, 1986; Bazemore, 1994), dessert-based state codes and
purpose clause provisions which de-emphasize the role of rehabilitation...
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