Restorative Justice in the 21st Century

In recent years justice systems have also been asked

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Unformatted text preview: ion; and the need to enhance public safety. In recent years, justice systems have also been asked, or required, to address a fourth need: the need to restore losses to victims to the greatest extent possible. A. The Limits of Treatment and Punishment In focusing solely on the ideal of treatment in the best interests of offenders, juvenile justice has often neglected to effectively sanction, or denounce and provide meaningful consequences for offense behavior, and has failed to effectively address public safety goals. Little, if any, attention has been given to the goal of making victims whole. Ultimately, because of the limits inherent in the individual treatment mission, juvenile justice has also often been largely unsuccessful in achieving the rehabilitative goal. In frustration, most states have in the past decade adopted retributive policies that give central emphasis to punishment and lower priority to rehabilitation and other goals. As they have been forced to wrestle with the conflicting demands of a policy emphasis on retributive punishment and an individual treatment mission, some juvenile justice professionals have recognized that both approaches are in themselves practically a...
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