Unformatted text preview: in the "best interest" of
children and avoid reference to the needs of young offenders (Walkover, 1984; Feld, 1990) and
changes in the content of intervention toward an emphasis on punishment and control in more
secure settings (Schwartz and Van Vleet, 1992; Gendreau, Cullen and Bonta, 1994), for example,
have brought about what is often described as a criminalized juvenile court. More recently, a
number of states have moved further in the direction of dismantling their juvenile justice systems
by lowering the age at which transfer to adult court is permitted, and some states appear to be
developing adjunct correctional systems for juveniles which are difficult to distinguish from
adult corrections departments (Lemov, 1994).
2. In fact, most current state proposals to abolish or further criminalize juvenile justice systems
appear to be motivated by an effort to increase punishment and control over juvenile offenders
(Lemov, 1994). Other proponents of abolition (e.g., Feld, 1990; 1993) a...
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- Spring '10
- 1984, ........., Balanced and Restorative Justice