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Restorative Justice in the 21st Century

More recently a number of states have moved further

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Unformatted text preview: in the "best interest" of children and avoid reference to the needs of young offenders (Walkover, 1984; Feld, 1990) and changes in the content of intervention toward an emphasis on punishment and control in more secure settings (Schwartz and Van Vleet, 1992; Gendreau, Cullen and Bonta, 1994), for example, have brought about what is often described as a criminalized juvenile court. More recently, a number of states have moved further in the direction of dismantling their juvenile justice systems by lowering the age at which transfer to adult court is permitted, and some states appear to be developing adjunct correctional systems for juveniles which are difficult to distinguish from adult corrections departments (Lemov, 1994). 2. In fact, most current state proposals to abolish or further criminalize juvenile justice systems appear to be motivated by an effort to increase punishment and control over juvenile offenders (Lemov, 1994). Other proponents of abolition (e.g., Feld, 1990; 1993) a...
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