A&P 1 chap1 - The Human Body An Orientation Overview of...

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The Human Body: An Orientation
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Overview of Anatomy and Physiology Anatomy – the study of the structure of body parts and their relationships to one another Gross or macroscopic
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Overview of Anatomy and Physiology Anatomy – Gross or macroscopic
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Overview of Anatomy and Physiology Anatomy – Microscopic
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Overview of Anatomy and Physiology Anatomy – Developmental
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Developmental Anatomy Deals with development of the organism from  conception to adulthood. Traces structural changes throughout life
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Overview of Anatomy and Physiology Physiology – the study of the function of the body’s structural machinery
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Gross Anatomy Regional – all structures in one part of the body (such as the abdomen or leg)
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Gross Anatomy Systemic – gross anatomy of the body studied by system
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Gross Anatomy Surface – study of internal structures as they relate to the overlying skin
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Gross Anatomy Surface – study of internal structures as they relate to the overlying skin
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Microscopic Anatomy Cytology – study of the cell
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Microscopic Anatomy Histology – study of tissues
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Specialized Branches of Anatomy Pathological anatomy – study of structural changes caused by disease
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Specialized Branches of Anatomy Pathological anatomy – study of structural changes caused by disease
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Specialized Branches of Anatomy Radiographic anatomy – study of internal structures visualized by: 1. X ray 2. Ultrasound 3. Magnetic Resonance 4. Contrast materials
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Specialized Branches of Anatomy Radiographic anatomy – study of internal structures visualized by: 1. X ray 2. Ultrasound 3. Magnetic Resonance 4. Contrast materials
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Specialized Branches of Anatomy Radiographic anatomy – study of internal structures visualized by: 1. X ray 2. Ultrasound 3. Magnetic Resonance 4. Contrast materials
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Specialized Branches of Anatomy Molecular biology – study of anatomical structures at a subcellular level
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Physiology Considers the operation of specific organ systems Renal – kidney function
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Physiology Considers the operation of specific organ systems Neurophysiology – workings of the nervous system
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Physiology Considers the operation of specific organ systems Cardiovascular – operation of the heart and blood vessels
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Physiology Focuses on the functions of the body, often at the cellular or molecular level
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Physiology Understanding physiology also requires a knowledge of physics, which explains electrical currents, blood pressure, and the way muscle uses bone for movement
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Physiology Understanding physiology also requires a knowledge of physics, which explains electrical currents, blood pressure, and the way muscle uses bone for movement
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Principle of Complementarity Function always reflects structure It reflects the interrelationship between physiology and anatomy
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Principle of Complementarity What a structure can do depends on its specific form
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A&P 1 chap1 - The Human Body An Orientation Overview of...

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