Unformatted text preview: What is Networking?
What is Networking?
What is Computer Networking? “Connecting computer systems and devices through a combination of hardware and software that allow them to communicate” Definition of a node How do Hotels Use How do Hotels Use Networking? Examples: Advantages of Computer Networks
Advantages of Computer Networks Sharing Software Resources and Information Sharing of Hardware Resources Preserving Information Protecting Information Network Classifications
Network Classifications Local Area Network (LAN) Metropolitan Area Network (MAN) Wide Area Network (WAN) (two types) Examples of Each Type? 3 Networking Roles a CPU can 3 Networking Roles a CPU can Play Servers – PROVIDE Clients – USE Peers – BOTH SERVERS
SERVERS File Servers – share files Print Servers – uses Queues Application/Database Servers – Examples of? Mail Servers Web Servers Clients
Clients Clients are usually computers or PC’s that access network services from Servers. Peers
Peers Provides AND Uses network services – found in small offices PROS and CONS of Peer to Peer Networking How Does Networking Work??
How Does Networking Work?? 3 Layers of Concentration
3 Layers of Concentration Helps to determine steps in troubleshooting Layer 1 – Physical Layer Layer 2 – Datalink Layer Layer 3 – Network Layer Layer 1 – Physical Layer
Layer 1 – Physical Layer Concentrate of 0’s and 1’s Unit of measurement is BITS Cable Media – Attenuation – EMI
– Bandwidth Cable Types Layer 1 (cont)
Layer 1 (cont) UTP – Unshielded Twisted Pair
Most popular, most widely used in Ethernet
Fiber Optics Layer 1 (cont) Wireless
Layer 1 (cont) Wireless
Wireless – fasting growing LAN media today (LANS use fixed wireless)
– 802.11b – 11mpbs, 2.4 ghz
– 802.11g – 54mpbs, 2.4 ghz
– 802.11a – 54mpbs, 5.0 ghz – What are nonoverlapping Channels?
– Advantages/Disadvantages of Wireless Layer 2 – Datalink Layer
Layer 2 – Datalink Layer Deals with the PHYSICAL address on the network card Like a physical home street address Layer 3 – Network Layer
Layer 3 – Network Layer Responsible for routing data BETWEEN networks (LAN’S) and determining the best route to do that. Logical Address – TCP/IP address Like a Zip Code Internet Public versus Private Addresses Networking Terms/Devices
Networking Terms/Devices Repeater
Repeater Repeater – amplifies signal, boosts range, fixes attenuation problems Hub
Hub Connect nodes together, share total bandwidth, what layer? Switch – Layer? Switch
Router Router Layer? Router (Home)
Router (Home) Firewall – Layer? Firewall
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This note was uploaded on 10/08/2011 for the course HTM 364 taught by Professor Staff during the Spring '11 term at S.F. State.
- Spring '11