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MUS 2000 Bebop Through West Coast Revised

MUS 2000 Bebop Through West Coast Revised - Decline of the...

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Decline of the Big Bands No single event was responsible Many young musicians were drafted Shortage of men caused dance halls to close Petroluem/shellac were in short supply Petrillo’s recording ban – 1942- 1944 Pop singers/jazz musicians went in different directions. Growing artistic unrest with musicians Times were changing
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Bebop Bebop – Early 1940s to Middle 1950s Name comes from the sound of the music. Dominated by the saxophone. Drug use was heavy in the bebop crowd. Tremendous split between musicians and the public. The drug culture became a “social cement” People not involved in the use of drugs were often frozen out of the bebop clique.
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Bebop Bebop Musicians tried to rise from entertainer to artist. Many compositions were written over the changes of other popular tunes. Example: Whispering became Groovin High
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Bop contrasted with Swing Big band Elaborate arrangements Solos were repeated Catered to the dancers Guitar used as rhythm instrument Recognizable melodies important Used pop and “show” tunes Clarinet important Small chamber groups Arrangements unimportant Solos were always different Aimed at listeners, not dancers Guitar not used Melodies were obscured Focused on Blues / I Got Rhythm Saxophone eclipses the clarinet Swing Bebop
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Bop contrasted with Swing Swing is the popular music of the day Soloing was not essential to work Vibrato was an important element of the sound. Triplet nature is important.
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