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Unformatted text preview: Current Trends
Current Trends 1st 50 years Three main artists Louis Armstrong
Charlie Parker 2nd 50 years Three Main artists Miles Davis
Bill Evans What is the future of jazz?
What is the future of jazz? Very positive, players can do whatever they want
Lots of vigorous activity
Tremendous growth in higher education
Stylistic multiplicity Musical Trends
Musical Trends Preservationists Post AvantGarde Experimentalists Latin, Asian, African, other ethnic music. Crooner Vocalists Kenny G and others World Music John Zorn JazzLite – “smooth jazz” Wynton and Lincoln Center Jazz Orchestra Diana Krall, Michael Buble, et al. Big Band writers Free Jazz
Free Jazz A term first applied to the avantgarde jazz of the 1960s. Main artists Ornette Coleman
Late Coltrane Free Jazz Features
Free Jazz Features This term is applied to highly individualized styles. Absence of tonality and predetermined chord sequences
Abandonment of the “chorus” structure and formal constructions
Avoidance of traditional sounds, and replaced by “voicelike” sounds More on Free Jazz
More on Free Jazz Most “freejazz” groups omitted piano. Why?
Extensive manipulation of tone quality and pitch. Translates: They play outoftune. Extensive use of the altissimo register. This music used high energy and gestures as opposed to development of melodies. Popular Appeal
Popular Appeal Probably the least popular style in jazz history. Most pivotal recordings are no longer in print.
Is this due to: low promotion? Chaotic and nerve wracking?
Selfindulgent performances? “Taking up the slack” This term refers to one element of music becoming tightly controlled while others are completely free. Example – pulse is very structured while traditional harmony and melody are abandoned. Ornette Coleman
Ornette Coleman Born 1930
Played alto saxophone
First recordings were from 1958 and 1960. Club work was met with hostility. “Harmolodic” – a term he invented to describe simultaneous soundings of a single melodic line, in different tonalities, pitches, or keys. Free Jazz Listening
Free Jazz Listening Ornette Coleman Congeniality
Free Jazz Bliggidy Blam
Bliggidy Blam abcd(x)1 Bliggidy formal structure 4 A B A 3 C D C 4 A B A Bb B 8 8 8 8 8 8 2 8 4 John Zorn
Intro Neotraditionalism vs. Neotraditionalism vs. Postmodernism Neotraditional championed by Wynton Marsalis (preservationists)
Postmodernism championed by John Zorn (freedom fighters) Wynton Marsalis
Wynton Marsalis Born in New Orleans
Played with Blakey
Numerous awards, Grammys & Pulitzer
Jazz at Lincoln Center NewTraditionalism
Wynton turned the acoustic jazz tradition around, saved the industry. He is the artistic director of Jazz at Lincoln Center
He is closely tied to the techniques and repertoire of Duke Ellington.
Controversial, proclaiming “what is” and “what isn’t” Jazz. Ponder these questions
Ponder these questions Does jazz have to swing to be jazz?
Does jazz need to have inflections from the blues?
Should jazz exclude certain instruments?
Must the music sound connected to the “history of jazz” at the expense of its evolution? Post Modernism
Post Modernism Diametrically opposed to new
Eclectic borrowing music from hard bop, classical, Klezmer dances, R&B, and nature sounds. Pieces are organized around “blocks of sounds” Zorn’s rock band – Naked City Is jazz defined by the product or Is jazz defined by the product or the process? Compare Marsalis and Zorn
Wynton “sounds like” Duke Ellington, Zorn’s doesn’t. Fits better with product. Zorn’s music does the same thing Duke’s did, “beyond category”, it is music that “sounds unlike” anything that came before it. Fits better with process. Consider the collage from first class
Consider the collage from first class
What is your experience as you listen compared to the first day? ...
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This note was uploaded on 10/07/2011 for the course MUS 2000 taught by Professor Nunnery during the Fall '08 term at LSU.
- Fall '08