Chapter_6_Learning_Objectives - • Describe the structure...

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Chapter Learning Objectives Chapter 6: Energy Flow in the Life of a Cell 6.1 What is energy? Distinguish between kinetic and potential energy Explain the first and second laws of thermodynamics in your own words Explain why highly ordered living organisms do not violate the second law of thermodynamics 6.2 How does energy flow in chemical reactions? Distinguish between exergonic and endergonic reactions in terms of free energy change Explain why an investment of activation energy is necessary to initiate a spontaneous reaction Explain what a coupled reaction is and give an example 6.3 How is cellular energy carried between coupled reactions?
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Unformatted text preview: • Describe the structure of ATP and identify the major class of macromolecules to which ATP belongs • Explain how ATP performs cellular work • Describe the function of an electron carrier and give an example 6.4 How do cells control their metabolic reactions? • Explain how metabolic pathways are regulated • Describe the function of enzymes in biological systems • Explain how enzyme structure determines enzyme specificity • Describe the mechanisms by which enzymes lower activation energy • Explain how feedback inhibition, allosteric regulation, and competitive inhibition can affect enzyme activity...
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