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Chapter_10_Learning_Objectives - on mRNA and the linear...

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Chapter Learning Objectives Chapter 10: Gene Expression and Regulation 10.1 How are genes and proteins related? Describe Beadle and Tatum’s experiments with Neurospora and explain the contribution they made to our understanding of how genes control metabolism Explain how RNA differs from DNA Describe the function of the three types of RNA Briefly explain how information flows from gene to protein 10.2 How is information in a gene transcribed into RNA? Distinguish between transcription and translation Explain the general process of transcription, including the three major steps of initiation, elongation, and termination 10.3 How is the base sequence of a messenger RNA molecule translated into protein? Define codon and explain the relationship between the linear sequence of codons
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Unformatted text preview: on mRNA and the linear sequence of amino acids in a polypeptide • Explain what it means to say that the genetic code is redundant and unambiguous • Describe the process of translation (including initiation, elongation, and termination) 10.4 How do mutations in DNA affect the function of genes? • Distinguish between point mutations and frameshift mutations (insertion/deletions). Give examples of each and note the significance of such changes 10.5 How are genes regulated? • Explain how the following gene control mechanisms operate in a eukaryotic cell o Transcription control o X-chromosome inactivation o Translational control o Modification of proteins o Degradation of proteins • Describe the processing of pre-mRNA in eukaryotes...
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