EXAM 1 - Exam 1 19:45 Introduction to Geography Geographic...

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Unformatted text preview: Exam 1 19:45 Introduction to Geography Geographic Terms and Concepts What is Geography? Literally means to write ( graphien ) the earth ( geo ) Geography is the study of relations between society and the environment (natural and man-made); Human environment interaction The study of spatial variation , of how and why things are similar or differ from place to place on the surface of earth The spatial emphasis distinguishes geography from other social emphasis Geographical Terms Location Absolute Location A precisely defined place according to a predefined system Ex. Address, GPS Relative Location The position of a place in relation to that of other places or activities Ex. Directions to the library, neighborhoods in Manhattan Direction Absolute Direction Cardinal Points (N-S-E-W) Relative Direction Culturally-based; arbitrary Ex. The East Bank and the West Bank Distance Absolute Distance Uses standardized units (e.g., mile or km) Relative Distance Spatial separation defined in terms of experience Often a more meaningful measure Ex. Time, cost, psychological Often the relative direction, distance or location is more important to human geographers because those concepts convey the spatial interrelatedness of things Scale Degree of generalization represented Locallittle generalization Regionalmoderate generalization Globalheavy generalization Denotes a degree of differentiation or similarity Local Helps us understand the distinctive character of certain places Global Helps us understand the similarities between places Glocal Global and local are constructed in relation to one another Geographic Concepts Place Absolute Location Point in space with specific relations to other points in space Locale Broader context (both built and social) for social relations Sense of place The subjective feelings, community identity, and social cohesion associated with a place Often defined in relation to concept of SPACE An abstract notion that faces the location of places; space as nondescript PLACE comes into existence when people gave space meaning Landscape Spatial, material expression of human settlement Regions Distinct areas of the world that are defined by spatial similarity Can exist at local to continental scales Rarely are they homogenous Perceptual or Vernacular Regions Exist in the perceptions of the population Boundaries are cognitive and vague, but understood Evoke a sense of place and meaning Ex. Appalachia, Silicon Valley, Acadiana Formal Regions Have essential uniformity in a cultural feature Extent is generally not open to debate Allows a valid generalization that holds true in all of the region Ex. Political, Religious, EthnicEx....
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This note was uploaded on 10/07/2011 for the course GEOG 1001 taught by Professor Baksi during the Spring '07 term at LSU.

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EXAM 1 - Exam 1 19:45 Introduction to Geography Geographic...

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