EXAM 3 - Exam3 19:39 LatinAmerica WhyLatinAmerica

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Exam 3 19:39 Latin America Why “Latin” America Spanish and Portuguese-Latin derivatives “Spanish America,” Spain’s colonial legacy, used since mid-20 th  century “Ibero-America,” Spain and Portugal’s colonial legacy, used since mid-20 th  century Other ways to split the region? South America: Countries from Panama south to Tierra del Fuego Central America: Countries from Guatemala and Belize south to Colombia (technically  does not include Mexico) Middle America: Central America, Mexico and Caribbean Caribbean: Island nations and countries in the Caribbean Sea, Belize, Guyana,  Suriname, and French Guiana Why “Latin” America? The physical environment Amazon River Basin (Brazilian Shield) The Andes Mountains Uplands
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Amazon River Located in the Brazilian Shield (large upland plateau along the Atlantic) World’s largest river in terms of volume Amazon Rainforest 60% of it is in Brazil Represents ½ of the world’s remaining rainforests Species-rich 1 in 10 of world’s species The Andes North-south mountain chain along western edge of South America, Venezuela to Tierra  del Fuego; world’s largest mountain chain Atacama Desert Driest desert in the world Altiplano Treeless high plains between two ranges of the Andes Mexican Plateau Tilted block of elevated land—8,000 ft. in South at Mexico City to 4,000 ft. in North at  Ciudad Juarez
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Volcanic Axis of Central America Starts in Guatemala and runs down to Costa Rica About 40,000 active volcanoes Isthmus of Panama Formed ~4 million years ago through tectonic activity An isthmus is a “land-bridge” Planned for people to cut through the Isthmus of Panama to cut time of trips in half Panama Canal 1880s French attempt 20,000 deaths (malaria; yellow fever) U.S. completed project in 1914 New York to Central America distance cut in ½ Reverted to Panama, 1999 Irish and the Irish Channel Irish New Orleans The Irish settled in New Orleans because of its close proximity to the Mississippi River
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They escaped Ireland and its extreme famine Latin America: Pre-Colombian Civilizations and Iberian Conquest Pre Colombian Civilizations Maya Southern Mexico, Guatemala, Belize, El Salvador, Honduras Palenque Aztecs  Central Mexico Inca Peru, Ecuador, Bolivia, Chile, Argentina Maya Today: Southern Guatemala Maya Today: Chiapas, Mexico Large current day Mayan population Aztec Empire Fall of the Aztec Empire
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Tenochtitlan, Aztec capital, fell to Spanish in 1521 Now Mexico City Teotihuacan, Mexico Largest indigenous population in the 11 th  century Inca Empire in the 1500s “The land of four sections” Conquered a lot of the area by force Machu Picchu, Peru Iberian Conquest and Division
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EXAM 3 - Exam3 19:39 LatinAmerica WhyLatinAmerica

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