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Study_Guide_Exam_3Filled - Study Guide: Geography 1001,...

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Unformatted text preview: Study Guide: Geography 1001, Section 1, Exam 3 12/04/2010 15:47:00 ← Latin America Terms, Concepts, Events, Places ← What are the geographic boundaries of South, Central, and Middle America? • South America: Countries from Panama south to Tierra Del Fuego • Central America: Countries from Guatemala and Belize south to Colombia (doesn’t include Mexico) • Middle America: Central America, Mexico & Caribbean • Caribbean: Island nations and countries in the Caribbean Sea, Belize, Guyana, Suriname, and French Guiana ← ← How did this region come to be termed Latin America? • Spanish and Portuguese- Latin Derivatives • “Spanish America”, Spain’s colonial legacy, used since mid 20 th century • “Ibero America”, Spain and Portugal’s colonial legacy, used since mid 20 th century ← Study map on page 127 ← ← Physical Geography: ← Amazon Basin • Largest river system in the world by volume and area • Second largest in length • Largest city Belem averages 100 inches rainfall a yr • Brazilian Shield • Largest upland plateau along Atlantic • 20% of all freshwater discharged into oceans is from the Amazon ← ← Andes Mountains • Begins in NW Venezuela and ends at Tierra Del Fuego • Relatively young mountains • Extends 5000 miles • Created by a collision of oceanic and continental plates so it contains a series of folded and faulted sedimentary rocks with crystalline and volcanic rock • N-S mountain chain along Western edge ← ← Altiplano • Treeless high plains between 2 ranges of the Andes • Peru and Bolivia • Limited use for grazing • Has two big altitude lakes; Titicaca and poopo • Elevation ranges from 11,800 to 13,000 ft ← ← Volcanic Axis of Central America • One of most important elevated lands • Handsome landscape of rolling green hills, elevated basins with lakes and conical volcanic peaks • More than 40 volcanoes found here • Legacy is a rich volcanic soil that has a wide variety of import/export crops • Most of Central America’s population is located here • Beef, cotton, coffee, corn, beans, squash, fruits • Major rift to the east in Nicaragua where largest lakes are found ← ← Panama Isthmus/Canal • Isthmus: formed 4 million years ago through tectonic activity • 1880’s French attempt • 20k deaths (malaria, yellow fever) • US completed project in 1914 • NY to CA distance cut in half • Reverted to Panama in 1999 ← ← Population: ← ← distribution trends • Mexico and Central America- Dense Interiors o Maize agriculture in fertile volcanic soils o Pre-colonial populations centered here • South America- Dense Coasts o Rainforest inaccessible o Plantation labor on coasts o Europeans wouldn’t penetrate interior ← rural-to-urban migration • the flow of internal migrants from rural areas to cities that began in the 1950’s and intensified in 60’s and 70’s • strategy of sending family to urban areas for jobs, schools •...
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This note was uploaded on 10/07/2011 for the course GEOG 1001 taught by Professor Baksi during the Spring '07 term at LSU.

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Study_Guide_Exam_3Filled - Study Guide: Geography 1001,...

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