EXAM 2 - EXAM2 SoutheastAsia Populationcontrasts...

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EXAM 2  18:41 Southeast Asia Population Indicators in Summary Does not have the population pressures of East or South Asia Population contrasts Growth and Migration Setting the Boundaries Two sub regions Mainland and Insular 11 countries 10 in Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN) Formerly known as Indochina Highlights influence of India and China Physical Landscapes Mainland Deltaic environments Tropical monsoon Forest
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Insular Archipelagic environments Sunda Shelf Deforestation in Southeast Asia Export-oriented logging Japan 1960s Effects Denuded landscapes, damaged watersheds, reduced biodiversity National parks and protected areas--- “Paper parks” Kutai National Park The Tragedy of the Karen Indigenous people in Burma Found favor with British Never integrated into Burma Established insurgent state Agreement to give Thailand access to Burmese Teak forests Air Pollution
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Urban smog Smoke from clearing forests Tinder-dry forests due to drought caused by El Nino Peat bogs Mining 13,000 foot high “Mine in the Clouds” and open pit, multi-mineral mine on Grasberg  Mountain in West Papua New Orleans-based Freeport McMoRan Copper and Gold Population and Settlement Deltas Coastal areas Zones of fertile volcanic soil 3 Types of Agriculture Three Types of Agricultural Practices Swidden/Shifting Agriculture/ Slash and Burn Small Populations Land available is large enough May turn to cash crops
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Plantation Agriculture Rice, rubber, cane sugar, tea, pineapple, and copra Rice Farming Planting (usually by women) of rice seedlings by hand in flooded terraced fields that are  first cultivated (usually by men) with hand-guided plows by water buffalo GENDERED KNOW ABOUT EACH OF THE MAJOR AGRICULTURE PRACTICES Pre-European Culture Centered on riverine environments where alluvial lands transformed from forest and  freshwater swamp to rice growing areas Power of state rested on taxing rural production to finance defense, trade, industry and  irrigation Emerged after adopting Indian models of state organizations Major Influences (religious) South Asian 2,000 years ago, migrants from what is now present day India Helped establish Hindu kingdoms in coastal locations in Burma, Thailand, Cambodia,  southern Vietnam, Malaysia and western Indonesia 2 nd  wave South Asian influence Mainland SE Asia in the 13 th  century Theravada Buddhism (Sri Lanka) China Vietnamese
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Province of China until 1000 A.D. Colonialism
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EXAM 2 - EXAM2 SoutheastAsia Populationcontrasts...

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