EXAM 3 - EXAM3 CentralAsia PopulationIndicators Table10.1...

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EXAM 3 18:41 Central Asia Population Indicators Table 10.1 Introduction Afghanistan Six former republics of the now defunct U.S.S.R. Landlocked Environmental unity vs. cultural differences Oil U.S.S.R. or China Central Asia Physical Regions Mountains Pamir, Hindu Kush, Tien Shan, The Fan Steppe Dominates much of Kazakhstan Desert Kyzl Kum, Kra Kum, Registan and Dasht-I Margo Environmental Issues
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The Shrinking Aral Sea Soviet initiatives in 1960s Not a true sea Two rivers that are heavily used for irrigation Amu Darya, Syr Darya Water cotton Salinity increased, causing most fish to die Muynak, Uzbekistan Formerly a fishing vllage Canning factory closed in 1989 Loss of 20 fish species The Ship Graveyard The Karakalpaks Autonomous Region in Uzbekistan Dust, salt and pollutants 150 million tons get dumped on Central Asia High respiratory problems Birth defects have doubled Throat cancer
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110 vs. 10 Rebirth Island Island where Soviets stored bombs Now a peninsula The Shrinking Aral Sea Hope North Aral Sea Solutions? Desalination plants Charging farmers Using alternative cotton Fewer chemicals Installing Dams to fill the Aral Sea Redirecting water Other Environmental Issues Desiccation Desertification Gobi Desert Caspian Sea (Baku) Ural Sea and Volga River Deforestation Population and Settlement Too arid or too high to support human life
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Nomadic  pastoralists = favorable areas Sedentary people = river valleys C.A. low-density environment Han Chinese Ethnic Russians emigrating from Kazakhstan Migration to Moscow from former Soviet republics Oil Urban Geography Urbanization in Central Asia Older cities (Samarkand and Bukhara) Lavish architecture Overland trade routes Diminished by sea trade Modern urban construction under Russian reflect more austere styles Similar layouts, architecture, and entertainment activities 5 republic capitals Major buildings occupied entire block Green space Statuary Public housing constructed for function not aesthetics Region still largely rural Dushanbe, Tajikistan
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Isma’il Samani/Samanid Government Buildings Tajik State National University Boulevards Religion Trade routes led to many religions Buddhism, Islam, Christianity, Judaism, Zoroastrianism, and minor religions Islam in Central Asia Most Muslims are Sunni Shi’ism Dominant among Hazaras (of central Afghanistan) and the Azeris Taliban and Buddhist Statues Mongolia and Tiber are mostly Buddhist Historical Region Two major early ethinic groups Turkic Persian Alexander the Great Greeks Reverted to Persian rule until the Arab conquest 8 th  century
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Turkic Control Arab political control lasted until A.D. 899 Persian dominance continued until conquest of their capital city of Bukhara by Turkic  tribes in 999
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This note was uploaded on 10/07/2011 for the course GEOG 1003 taught by Professor Patzewitsch during the Fall '08 term at LSU.

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EXAM 3 - EXAM3 CentralAsia PopulationIndicators Table10.1...

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