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Exam_2_notes - Sociology Exam 2 2/9/07 Dyad- An interaction...

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Sociology Exam 2 2/9/07 Dyad - An interaction involving two people and the give and take between these two people. Triad - when you add a third person. In terms of social interaction, we tend to have alternating dyads. Also, 2 of these people can gang up on the third. What else has changed? In terms of impression management, they may have to change their conversation. The audience is 2 different people and has to adjust accordingly. I. Groups - set of people who have a connection to each other. A. Primary Groups- people closest to us. Like our immediate family and our close friends. Tend to be small. i. Long Lasting Relationships ii. Affective Bonds- close bonds to those people iii. Diffuse Interaction- spread out, not focused on one thing. Do a variety of things wit members of our group. B. Secondary Groups- people we aren’t as close with like acquaintances, coworkers and fellow students. Most of these people you just have a friendly relationship with, but aren’t close friends. Tend to be large. i. Brief, Specific Interaction ii. Shorter Relationships iii. Instrumental Bonds- deal with them because need them to do something for us. It revolves around an instrumental purpose like getting a job done at work. C. Reference Groups- groups we use as a standard of evaluation. A group of people we measure ourselves by. Sometimes we can belong to a reference group, but most of the time we don’t. For example , NY Yankees Baseball has been the dominant group. Other teams look to them and wonder why they’re so dominant. How can we be as successful as they are? They’re setting the standard. We can also use these groups for negative evaluation. I’m not perfect but at least I’m not like those people over there. D. Small Group Research- done in a lab with a bunch of strangers, so it isn’t really group research at all. More like crowd research. II. Not Groups A. Crowds- large numbers of people who come together in a specific time and place for a specific reason. For example , a LSU football game, but within it, there may be groups. B. Aggregates- numbers of unacquainted people who come to a specific place for all different reasons. For example , people go to the mall.
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2/12/07 Exchange Theory - been used extensively to study groups. Says we weigh benefits against possible costs or risks. We will do it if benefits outweigh costs. Join groups to get some benefit. Ex. Benefits to being a LSU student as well as costs. Some costs are obvious like tuition. There can be other costs too like moving away from home, leaving your friends. The Norm of Reciprocity - says that when we get something from somebody else, that creates an obligation to give something back. And if you look at groups, if you get something from a group, the group expects something back from you. Ex. Not only do you have to pay money for being a student, but you have to have good behavior. It is the same thing with friendships. Expected to spend time and do things with your friends. Those demands on your time and emotions means less time you can spend with other
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Exam_2_notes - Sociology Exam 2 2/9/07 Dyad- An interaction...

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